I've written before about the Funcube Dongle Pro. Apart from receiving satellite telemetry and amateur narrow-band FM, it can also be useful as a poor man's spectrum analyzer.
I'm not talking about doing a Fourier transform on the baseband data. At around 80 kHz that's not really useful if you want to see the big picture, for instance when measuring spectrum of a DVB-T transmitter with a channel width of around 6 MHz.
What you can do however is to emulate a swept-tuned spectrum analyzer. You sweep the Funcube's tuner through the range of frequencies using steps of several tens of kHz and pipe the baseband stream to a software power detector. Then you can plot the received signal strength against the frequency and get a fancy graph like this:
Of course, there's a catch. Funcube Dongle uses an audio codec that is connected to the user space through the ALSA interface. This means that after you change the tuner frequency the sampled data needs to go through plenty of big buffers before it gets to the detector.
So while the actual hardware might settle very quickly to the new frequency (I don't have data for the E4000 chip used in FCD, but other comparable tuners have channel change times in the order of milliseconds), software buffers limit the minimum sweep time.
For instance, this is what becomes of the picture above when you are not waiting enough time for the buffers to flush between (random, in this particular case) frequency hops.
It takes around 5 minutes to draw such a persistence plot with the bandwidth of 20 MHz, 50 kHz hops and 10 passes. So don't expect to get anywhere near the theoretical limit for sweep time versus resolution bandwidth.
$ git clone https://www.tablix.org/~avian/git/fcd_scanner.git $ python fcd_scanner/fcd_scanner.py --help Usage: fcd_scanner.py: [options] Options: -h, --help show this help message and exit -d DEV, --device=DEV Use Alsa DEVICE for FCD access -c FREQ, --center=FREQ Center frequency in kHz -s SPAN, --span=SPAN Scanning bandwidth in kHz -t ST, --sweep-time=ST Time for one frequency sweep in s -g GAIN, --lna-gain=GAIN LNA gain in dB (default 10) -p STEP, --step=STEP Frequency step in kHz (default 25) -n N, --pass=N Number of passes (default 1) -o FILE, --output=FILE Write measurements to FILE -l, --line-plot Draw a real-time line plot -e, --pers-plot Draw a real-time persistence plot